What is a reading disorder?
You will know children in your class with reading disorders, as this is also known as dyslexia. I am not going to tell you anything you don’t already know, but for the sake of clarification, dyslexia is a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding).
Dyslexia affects areas of the brain that process language, so there is no surprise that children with dyslexia also have language difficulties. Of course, children with dyslexia have normal intelligence and usually have normal vision. Research has demonstrated that people with dyslexia often have difficulty processing and representing the specific sounds of language. As a result, someone with dyslexia will experience difficulties in associating printed letters with relevant speech sounds, thus causing reading difficulties. Read my blog on the link between dyslexia and speech and language.
What is a maths disorder?
Also known as developmental dyscalculia, maths disorders involve a specific impairment of mathematical abilities, within the context of normal general learning abilities. Developmental dyscalculia is defined and identified according to the relationship that exists between the child’s current mathematical abilities and those that can be considered normal for his or her age. There are actually six separate sub-types of dyscalculia which are: verbal, lexical, graphical, operational, practognostic and ideognostic. All of these subtypes (apart from graphical) rely on a child’s language skills. So there is no surprise here that children with poor language abilities also have difficulties in maths.
What is a language disorder?
Developmental language disorder (DLD) is a condition where children have problems
understanding and/or using spoken language. A child can be diagnosed with DLD if their language difficulties are likely to carry on into adulthood, if they have a significant impact on progress at school, or if they have an impact on everyday life. Scientists think that the part of the brain responsible for speech and language might be wired a little differently from that of a person with more typical language development.